Polynomial Classification


Educational widget that visually demonstrates classification in two classes for any classifier.



  • Data

Input data set.

  • Preprocessor

Data preprocessors.

  • Learner

Classification algorithm used in the widget. Default set to Logistic Regression Learner.


  • Learner

Classification algorithm used in the widget.

  • Classifier

Trained classifier.

  • Coefficients

Classifier coefficients if it has them.


This widget interactively shows classification probabilities for classification in two classes using color gradient and contour lines for any classifiers form Orange Classification module. In the widget, polynomial expansion can be set. Polynomial expansion is a regulation of the degree of polynom that is used to transform the input data and has an effect on classification. If polynomial expansion is set to 1 it means that untransformed data are used in the regression. If polynomial expansion is set to 2 we get following additional attributes:

  • first attribute on power 2
  • first attribute * second attribute
  • second attribute on power 2
  1. Classifier name.

  2. X: attribute on axis x.

    Y: attribute on axis y.

    Target class: Class in input data that is classified apart from others classes because widget support only two

    class classification.

    Polynomial expansion: Degree of polynom that is used to transform the input data.

  3. Show contours: Enable contour lines in the graph.

    Contour step: Density of contour lines.

  4. Save Image saves the image to the computer in a .svg or .png format.

    Report includes widget parameters and visualization in the report.



We loaded iris data set with the File widget and connected it to Polynomial Classification widget. To demonstrate outputs connections we connected Coefficients to Data Table widget where we can inspect their values. Learner output can be connected to Test & Score widget and Classifier to Predictions widget.

In the widget we selected sepal length as our X variable and sepal width as our Y variable. We set Polynomial expansion to 1. That performs classification on non transformed data. Result is show on the figure below. Color gradient represents the probability to classify data on its position in one of two classes. Blue color represents classification in target class and red color classification in class with all others examples.


In next example we changed File widget with Paint data widget and plotted some custom data. Because center of data has one class and surrounding another Polynomial expansion degree 1 does not perform good classification. We set Polynomial expansion to 2 and got classification in figure below. We also selected to use contour lines.